Planting, gathering and using herbs

Planting, gathering and using herbs

planting, gathering and using herbsIt is a wonderful experience, whether you have a spacious garden or just a sunny windowsill. There are so many varieties and they are useful in the kitchen, as supplements, and for beauty treatments. Here are some tips on successfully growing and using them. 

Growing herbs:
  1. Choose Your Herbs: Decide which herbs you’d like to grow. Some popular choices include basil, parsley, cilantro, mint, thyme, rosemary, and oregano. Consider your preferences by what you’ll be using them for. 
  2. Select a Growing Location: Most herbs thrive in sunny locations, so choose a spot that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. If you’re growing indoors, place your pots near a south-facing window where they can get plenty of sunlight.
  3. Choose Containers or Planting Beds: If you’re short on space, you can grow herbs in pots, containers, or even window boxes. Make sure the containers have good drainage to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot. If you have space outdoors, you can also plant herbs directly into the ground.
  4. Use Quality Soil: Use a well-draining potting mix for container-grown herbs or prepare your garden soil by adding compost to improve its texture and fertility.  composting and soil tonics Check out our compost resources 
  5. Planting: Plant seeds or seedlings according to the instructions on the seed packet or plant tag. Be sure to space them appropriately to allow room for growth. Water the soil thoroughly after planting.
Keeping herbs growing: 
  1. Watering: Herbs generally prefer slightly moist soil. Water your herbs when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, but be careful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot. If you’re growing herbs indoors, be mindful of the drying effects of indoor heating or air conditioning.  For best watering dates use Water and Earth days. Some really thirty herbs may need almost daily watering. 
  2. Fertilizing: Herbs don’t usually require a lot of fertilizer. You can apply a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season to promote healthy growth. (1 tablespoon of coffee grind in a liter of tap water is ideal). Top up with your home-made or shop-bought compost. (see above). 
  3. Pruning and Harvesting: Regularly prune your herbs to encourage bushy growth and prevent them from becoming leggy or woody. When harvesting, snip off the outer leaves or stems with sharp scissors or pruners. pruning flowers  Use the flowering shrub symbol for the best pruning dates.

  4. Harvesting: Use today’s symbol for the best harvesting times.
  5. Pests and Diseases: Keep an eye out for common pests like aphids, mites, and caterpillars. If you notice any signs of pests or diseases, take action promptly to prevent them from spreading. You can often control pests by handpicking (keep the infected leaves and soak them for a week in water). Then spray your herbs with either insecticidal soap, or using my favorite remedy: 1/3 liquid soap, 1/3 IPA 70%, and 1/3 water. Spray thoroughly and leave for a few days. That should get rid of all the current pests. With very heavy infestation you may repeat this process. After a few days spray a small amount with the water of the infused leaves (strained and discarded). This acts as a kind of inoculation. Your herbs should return very soon to good health.  In case a new infestation appears, just repeat this process. 
  6. Winter Care: Some herbs are perennials and will survive through the winter, while others are annuals and will die back at the end of the growing season. For perennial herbs, you may need to provide some protection during the winter months, especially if you live in a colder climate.
Here are some popular herbs and their uses: 
  1. Peppermint: Peppermint is often used to soothe digestive issues such as indigestion, gas, and bloating. It can also help relieve tension headaches and promote relaxation. Peppermint is a great deterrent for mice and other rodents. Just sprinkle them around or use distilled peppermint oil to spray on entrances or holes where mice/rats might live. They hate the smell. 
  2. Chamomile: Chamomile is known for its calming and anti-inflammatory properties. It is often used to promote relaxation, relieve anxiety, aid in sleep, and soothe digestive discomfort. Good for all kinds of infection, from an eye infection to nail infection, etc soak a cotton pad in warm chamomile tea and apply to the infected area. 
  3. Parsley:  Adds Vitamins A, B1, B2, C, and K to your diet. Help with blood clotting and infections and is a powerful antioxidant. Eat as parsley leaf salad, add parsley leaves to a salad, or drink as parsley tea. 
  4. Oregano: Reduces cholesterol, promotes healing, prevents bloating, and reduces inflammations. 
  5. Echinacea: Echinacea is commonly used to boost the immune system and help prevent or reduce the severity of colds and upper respiratory infections. It may also aid in wound healing and reduce inflammation.
  6. Lavender: Lavender is known for its calming and relaxing effects. It is often used to reduce stress, anxiety, and insomnia. Lavender oil can also be applied topically to soothe minor burns, insect bites, and skin irritations. A few drops on your pillow will make you go to sleep and lavender oil poured on a small herb cushion and left in your wardrobe keep moths at bay. 
  7. Thyme: Similar to Verbena and sage,  helps you relax and go to sleep. It is good for your throat and lungs as regulates mucous. Thyme tea is beneficial for asthma sufferers. Contains antiseptic and antifungal properties. 
  8. Valerian Root: Valerian root is commonly used as a natural remedy for insomnia and other sleep disorders. It is believed to promote relaxation, improve sleep quality, and reduce the time it takes to fall asleep.

This is a vast topic area and one we will revisit at a later stage. In the meantime please check out the LWTM Lifestyle Calendar for the best dates to plant, water, and use herbs. 

When you see this symbol it is a good time (depending on the season) to either plant herbs, gather them, dry them or use them.
Here is a series called Cooking With Herbs to get you started. Just enter this search term into the blog search engine to find related articles.

When you see this symbol it is a good time (depending on the season) to either plant herbs, gather them, dry them or use them.
Here is a series called Cooking With Herbs to get you started. Just enter this search term into the blog search engine to find related articles.

An Introduction to LWTM
7 Tips for staying at home

7 Tips for staying at home

It is currently a strange time. Practically overnight we turned from people with busy lifestyles to sitting at home wondering how to declutter the home, start home-schooling, and wondering how to cut our own hair. I can of course only recount my own experience here. If you are a key worker or medical staff then your life will have been busier than ever.

In London, it all started in mid-March 2020.  At first, my friends and I felt a bit uneasy and anxious about what this new situation will mean for all of us.  How could we avoid catching this dreaded virus?  A few days in, we secretly admitted that the quarantine was not too bad and we started to enjoy these ‘enforced, guiltless pyjama days’.

But there is so long you can sit around in your pjs. After a bit of rest came a rush of decluttering the loft and some obscure bathroom cupboards that had remained untouched for a while. Life felt good and productive.

Week 3 of lockdown. The enforced ‘holiday’ started to wear thin. One of my friends created a WhatsApp meditation group- very enjoyable experience.  I started writing ‘Gardening With The Moon’ (An Introduction to Biodynamic Gardening – which I hope to finish soon) and of course did a fair bit in the garden. We all confessed yo-yo-ing between good and bad days, some faring better than others.

Your experience may, of course, be entirely different. You may not be affected at all or you have lost someone close, in which case accept my sincere condolences.

May was going to be a month full of life, parties and get-toghers. Well, it does not look this way now. But let’s stay positive and use this time constructively. Here are some tasks that we all can do – and they are easy and cheap.

  Tip 1 – Planting herbs

Dig over a  small patch in your garden and plant some herbs. For all those without an outside space, find a window sill that gets some sunshine during the day. There you can grow chives, parsley, basil, mint, or oregano in small pots.

For the garden or slightly bigger pots,  grow dill, rosemary, fennel, or sage.

If you want to have immediate access to herbs I suggest you buy already established herbs in pots. These can be replanted into bigger pot by adding some good quality compost soil or replanted into your herb patch. Make sure you loosen the roots before planting and add some good quality compost (home-made is of course best).

Herbs are very thirsty and will need watering on a daily basis (except of course when it rains).  Make sure you keep the compost moist but not wet – otherwise your plants will drown.  It is wonderful to have an endless supply of fresh herbs for salads,  cooking, and garnishing dishes. Fresh mint or sage make wonderful herbal teas.

My top tip: cut some herbs and put them into an ice-cube tray and add a bit of water. These ‘herb-cubes’ will keep up to 6 months.

Here are some related articles from the LWTM blog series ‘ Cooking with herbs’.

Cooking with Oregano

Cooking With Tarragon

Cooking With Dill

 An Introduction to LWTM

Please click this link to find out more about LWTM and holistic lifestyle planning and  download our freebies 

  Tip 2 – Make your own bread   

It has recently become really popular to make your own artisan bread. I have had breadmakers for years and been doing my own sourdoughs. But here is a quick and easy recipe for all those who want to give it the first try. The recipe below is for a simple and tasty mixed loaf that can be done in any conventional oven. No breadmaker or sourdough needed.

 You will need kitchen scales, the ingredients below, a ceramic dish with a lid (ideally round), a bowl, and a mixing spoon.
Ingredients:  560g wheat flour, 190g rye flour, 550g hot water, 16g salt, some cumin seeds (1/2 a teaspoon should be enough), 3gram of active yeast. You could add some linseeds or other seeds if you like. 

1) weigh all the ingredients and put them together into a big kitchen bowl.  I use a big mixing spoon to blend them together. Then add some flour to your hands and knead the dough.  (please use enough plain flour on your hands, otherwise, the dough will stick to you). After a few minutes of kneading, cover the bowl with a kitchen towel, and leave it to rest. I suggest a minimum of 3 hours. You could also prepare the dough in the evening and let it rise overnight. Then it will be ready for baking the next day. 

Tip: To see if the dough is ready for baking. Pull some upwards.  If it rips easily it needs to rise a little longer.  A dough that is ready for baking should glide out and not rip straight away. 

2) Once the dough is ready,  preheat oven to 250degree C (480F) and put the empty ovenproof dish with lid into the oven. Yes, that is right – empty to heat it up!

3) Take it out when it is very hot (be careful handling it!) and add some sprinkles of plain flour to cover the bottom of the pan. This is important as otherwise the bread will stick to the pan and it will be hard for it to come out.
Then add the dough. With the mixing spoon create a line in the top of the dough – that is where the crust can rise and sprinkle some plain flour on the top.  Put the lid on and bake the bread (middle shelf) for about 35 minutes.
My Tip: Pour water into an oven dish and put it on the bottom shelf, so the bread bakes it in moist air.

For all my members, I will share with you my grandmother’s sourdough starter in the LWTM May newsletter.

  3. Do some exercise every day

It is amazing how just a few minutes a day can make a big difference. I have started running and do on average 5-6 miles (8k)most mornings. If you think about starting from zero exercises to running a regular 8k then my top tip is to get a Fitbit or device that can monitor your heart rate.  I honestly can say that this was my secret to success.  Start very gently and check your heart rate regularly.  Never go over 160, even if that means walking for a bit until your heart rate has down again to 120/130.  If you keep this under control, you will eventually get better and better. Soon you will run the first few miles and enjoy the experience. Once you made it to 5k (3 miles) and you can enjoy the experience – you are on your way.

You can find a few good apps to help you along. One of them is  5k runner. 

Most evenings I do some yoga exercises.  There are so many great videos on YouTube or find a good yoga/pilates app/book.  It does not have to be super advanced. Make sure you warm up with a gentle stretching program and always include some breathing exercises. Over just a few weeks, a stiff body can transform into a body that is more toned and flexible. Try to keep this up for (ideally) the rest of your life.

Other alternatives are brisk walks or a cycle trip. My teenage son does good oldfashioned plank and sit-ups every day. So find what works for you. But do at least 30min per day. There has never been a better time to start exercising. 

  4. Learn a new skill and develop a new hobby 

With more time on your hands, try to clear 20 minutes each day to learn something new. This could be a language, a skill like knitting, an online course in finance or computing, etc. It does not matter, but make a date with yourself and keep to it. Then set an alarm where you stay (ideally) 20minutes undisturbed. No phone checking, etc. If you look after children, give them something to do (depending of course on the age – otherwise do it when they are in bed). Every day you will advance just a tiny bit further and once you emerge from lock-down, you will feel you have achieved something new with the time you stayed indoors. 

     5. Have a DIY manicure and pedicure 

This month is all about exercise and well-being. A big part is pampering yourself. Show some extra kindness to your body with a home-made pedicure, manicure, face masks, body peeling, or body brushing regime. Look them up on  The Month Ahead 

Look after your feet 

Nail strengthening manicure 

   6. Plan your finances

Now times are uncertain and most of us will suffer a downturn in our finances. This true for everyone – whether your work has stopped or you are lucky enough to be still fully employed working from home. The chance that your disposable income will be squeezed is very likely. Here are a few things to keep you financially safe and sound. 

  • check your income over the last few months and work out your monthly disposable income. This is especially important if you work freelance or have more than one employer. Let’s call this figure 1.
  • add together all your monthly liabilities, rent, electricity, gym membership, etc. Ideally, this should be less than figure 1. If it is not, then you need to take action now.  What can you cut?  
  • check over all the financial products that you have. Life insurance, medical care, mortgage, credit cards, etc. Are you still on track, is this product still fit for purpose? It never harms to shop  around for a better deal. Remember, a lot has changed over the last month, so now is a good time for assessing your current situation. If you find yourself in financial troubles, don’t hide, but get in touch with your bank as soon as possible. They may be able to help you by arranging a payment holiday.
  • When money does come in (and try to keep to this formula from now onwards) divide all your income into 4 pots.
    50% expenses (living costs) – 20% to put aside for investments –  20% goes straight into a savings account that is easily accessible (for tax, unforeseen costs, extra necessary purchases)  and 10% for charity/good causes. This is a good formula. However, you can adjust it to your own needs, but make sure that there is always an element of saving and investing there, even if it is 5%. As over time these small sums will add up. 

  7. Meditate and rest for a few minutes each evening/morning

As I mentioned above, about 3 weeks ago I started to participate in a meditation group. Every evening before going to bed – I  took out 15minutes. This is the ultimate me-time.  Banishing all thoughts, just concentrating on my breath and ‘rest’.

At first, I participated only as a goodwill gesture to my friend who took the time to create this group. But after a few days, I really started to enjoy the process and looked forward to these precious 15minutes of productive rest.

I think this is especially useful if you have anxious thoughts and find it hard to get a good night’s sleep. If that is you, I really recommend drinking a cup of chamomile tea before going to bed and then listen to very calming music or a meditation app.

If you are a morning person, you may prefer to follow a meditation program just before getting up.  This will prepare you mentally for the day ahead.

If you have never tried meditation before, check out some good apps like Headspace – they usually have trial periods, so you don’t have to pay to give it a go.

You will see that anxiety levels will drop and some problems all of a sudden seem to solve themselves. Your unconscious mind is very powerful.

Back in January, I wrote this article The importance of resting. Of course, I did not have the faintest idea that ‘resting’ would take on such a new meaning. Especially for people employed in the travel and hospitality industry. However, there is a difference between ‘slouching on the sofa’ and ‘conscious resting’. If you have not read it before, please have a look.

So I hope one or the other tips will enrich your ‘lock-down life’.  If you have any other good lock-down tips – please get in touch and I am happy to mention them (with or without your mention – up to you).  Please stay all safe and well – and look after yourself!

 An Introduction to LWTM

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