Moon Gods and Godesses part 1 – The power of the matriarch

Moon Gods and Godesses part 1 – The power of the matriarch

Here is a new LWTM series that introduces you to the world of moon gods and goddesses – not strictly biodynamic, but nevertheless fascinating. We will delve into where the legend of some of these goddesses come from, and how people worshipped them…

For the last 2,000 years, the religious and political world has largely been male-dominated. But early men worshipped many goddesses, depicted as independent, intelligent, and fierce women.

The Earth Mother goddess 

The ancient societies recognized very early on that the moon and female fertility cycles go hand in hand. It is a well-known fact that women living nearby synchronize their periods and this close link led to a raft of moon goddesses being worshipped. Throughout history, humans worshipped moon goddesses. They were seen as the guardians of the female fertility cycle. Archeologists uncovered figurines of naked, heavily pregnant women from the Nile Delta, in the Pyrenees, most European countries including the British Isles. The mother gives birth to a child and cares for it. In a time when many newborns or small children died before the age of 6, motherhood and fertility were seen as an essential part of life and to keep the human race alive.

The responsibility of men was to hunt and provide food. The women’s task were to bear children and keep them safe. Since the woman was the bearer of life, it stands to reason that women and their gods were held in high esteem. This lifestyle gave women independence and wisdom and in some ways, their knowledge and crafts gave them equal if not superior rights. Most cultures dating back to 9 to 7,000 B.C. followed a matriarchal model.

What is the matriarch? 

The term ‘matriarch’ refers to the authority, influence, and strength associated with female leadership. It stems from the Latin word ‘mater’, meaning mother. It is mainly associated with older, experienced women in leadership positions and as central decision-makers.  It all goes back to the original female icon – the Earth Mother.

She is depicted as the mother, cradling her newborn child and nourishing it with her breast milk. In her honor, people made small female figurines with round features showing a pregnant belly and breasts.  Subsequent gods like Demeter came from this ‘Earth Mother image’, responsible for feeding the nations and bringing fertility to the land in the form of plentiful harvests.

The concept of a matriarch is more inspired by wisdom and guidance within a community, rather than strength and power. Historically women seek nurturing roles that enjoy empathy, and collaboration. Of course, this is a stereotype and I am sure there were also plenty of scheming and power-hungry women in charge.

On the whole, matriarchal cultures and their female leaders are revered for their wisdom, resilience, and ability to unite and guide their communities through challenging times. They often serve as pillars of strength and sources of inspiration for future generations, shaping the values and traditions of their societies.

One of the oldest ‘matriarchal cities to be unearthed is Catalhüyük. This ancient Neolithic site located in present-day Turkey, near the town of Konya,  is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world and is considered one of the earliest known human settlements.

Çatalhöyük was occupied roughly between 7500 BCE and 5700 BCE, making it one of the oldest known settlements. It predates many other ancient civilizations, including Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt.

The settlement is characterized by its dense, mud-brick houses built closely together, with rooftops serving as streets. The houses were accessed by ladders through holes in the roofs, suggesting that the community was primarily engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. We know a lot about their culture as many wall paintings and intricate pottery survived. What was surprising is that shrines and many figurines depicting goddesses and animals were found, but no male statues. Therefore archeologists suggest that Çatalhöyük may have been a matriarchal society, based on the prominence of female figurines and the absence of male figurines.

Archaeological evidence indicates that Çatalhöyük was a relatively egalitarian society, with little evidence of social hierarchy. Houses within the settlement appear to have been of similar size and construction, suggesting a relatively equal distribution of resources in the throws of a hunter-gatherer society settling down to become dominated by an agricultural way of life. Since 2012  Çatalhöyük is inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage outstanding universal value and significance to human history.

Next time we look at the Minoan civilization and connections between the bull and the moon.

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Conceive with the moon

Conceive with the moon

moon goddess

female fertility

Looking at the moon cycle can be very helpful if you are trying (or not trying) to conceive. All women are of course familiar with the female fertility cycle also known as the biological cycle.  Mid-cycle a woman ovulates and can conceive. This always occurs 14 days before the next period.

But if this is the only time during the cycle that a woman can conceive how is it possible that so many women conceive outside these fertile days – at ‘ technically not possible’ times’?  There has to be more to it!

This was the question that plagued the Czech doctor Eugen Jonas in the 1950ies.  He was a psychologist and listened to many stories of his female clients, who either suffered from unwanted pregnancies or lack of conceiving.

He, therefore, decided to look more closely into the subject matter of female fertility. He unearthed fragments from Ancient Greek and particular Babylonian texts, where doctors successfully calculated the optimum time for conception and birth control using a method that overlapped the time of menstruation together with the path of the moon.  Combining these old texts with his research data he realized that each woman has a time in their cycle when she was more easily aroused and ready to conceive. This cycle varied from woman to woman, as it was dependent on the time she was born.

For example, a  woman born on a full moon day would always find this time in the lunar cycle the easiest to conceive. He then named this second fertility cycle – the cosmobiological cycle.

Once both cycles are taken into consideration, they form a nearly perfect birth control system that has a success rate of over 98%, higher than even the pill. But this system is completely free and natural and once you know how to use it, every woman can use this method to control her fertility – whatever her circumstances and wherever in the world she lives.

I find it hard to believe that this system is not more widely known and available to all women.

Here is an example of how to use this method. 

The first step is to mark the start date of your last menstruation on your calendar. Then count 15 days on and this marks your ovulation date with a cross. As sperm can last up to 3 days and ovulation does not always happen bang on Day 15, I suggest you cross off 4 days before and 2 days after your calculated ovulation day. This should give you enough safety margin.

So you should have crossed off Days 10 to 17 after the first day of your menstruation. This is your biological cycle and normally ‘natural birth control’ ends here with a success rate of around 55%. You can of course add additional measures like checking your daily temperature to make this method slightly more effective.

But adding the next step should bring the rate up to a whopping 98%.

The next step is to find out your cosmobiologcial date (the date within the moon cycle you were born).   I am sure you can research what the moon was doing on the day of your birth. You would come up with a date like 3 days after New Moon, 6 days before Full Moon, and so on.

Then check a current moon calendar and find which date corresponds to the current moon cycle. At first, it may sound complicated, but once you know you were born on the 3rd day of the Waning Moon (so 3 days after the Full Moon) you can just mark it on the LWTM lifestyle calendar for the coming months and plan your fertility year ahead. 

To make it easier here is an example of how to use the whole method:

We assume here that the first date of your last period was on the 1st of January, so you would cross off all dates between the 10th to 17th of January. If you were born on a Full Moon (and we assume here that it falls on the 24th of January), then please cross off the period between the 20th and the 25th Jan.

All the crossed-off days are the ones you can conceive, all other days should be safe for unprotected sex. However, with new partners, you should still opt for protected sex to keep you out of harm’s way for many sexually transmitted diseases. 

Many women ovulate in exact accordance with the lunar cycle and the times won’t change too much. But some have shorter or longer cycles and dates will slightly shift or even overlap. If this happens, then these days are super fertile days and are of particular interest if you find it hard to conceive.

With age or circumstances, menstruation cycles can change, but this method won’t as you will always count from the start of your last period and the date of your cosmobiological date.

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Please note that this article was written as a source of information only. We do not know your unique circumstances and can not be held responsible for any kind of misinterpretation.  Thank you. 

Menstrual cycle – a better way forward with the ‘Mooncup’

Menstrual cycle – a better way forward with the ‘Mooncup’

moon cupThe curse’, as many refer to the monthly female bleeding has never been a great topic of conversation. But it is an important one as over a life time a woman spends an absolute fortune on sanitary products, an estimated  £18,000

See more info 

But is there another way.  Something to save you a lot of money and is also good for the environment (just imagine the colossal  mountain of used sanitary towels and tampons that collect just in one year, not to mention all these clogged up toilets!).

It is called the moon cup and I have used it myself for over a decade now. It is a silicone cup that is very comfortable and safe. Find out more about the Mooncup. 

When I was doing a bit of research of how many women in my neighbourhood knew facts about the menstrual cycle and the moon cup, I started a conversation with a 30ish year old woman and  was shocked when she revealed that she did not really know how many days a normal female fertility cycle lasted for or even how to count fertile days and so on. She just relied on the pill. I would have expected this response from a 14 year old girl, but not from a grown woman. I pointed her to this website and rushed home to complete this article.

What is the menstrual cycle?

 This is a series of changes that occur in a woman’s body on a roughly monthly basis. First the ovaries release an egg and this is called ovulation. At the same time your body prepares your uterus for a possible pregnancy. If the egg is indeed fertilised by a male sperm, then a nine month pregnancy is the consequence. But most of the time this does not happen, so the egg is no longer needed and the lining of the uterus sheds the egg  and this is called menstruation.

How to find out the average length of your menstrual cycle

Always count from the first day of your period until day before your next period. This is the length of your menstrual cycle. It varies from woman to woman, but anything between 21 to 34 days is seen as ‘normal’. The average time is 28 days, which is the same length as the moon cycle and the  reason why so many civilisations connected the moon with fertility. (Please read more about fertility in the article  Conceive with the moon.  )

Be also aware that if you are taking extra hormones, such as the pill or an iud with hormones, this can alter the length or frequency of your natural menstruation cycle.

Know your body

If you never suffered from heavy or painful periods or use a permanent contraceptive you may not pay much attention to it all. But I believe that  start dates, flow rates and regularity can give you important clues about the state of your health. So get your diary out (or the  monthly LWTM calendar – it is free, but you need to sign up to our list for this ), then circle the first day of each period, it is that simple.

What should you look out for? 

  • Length.  Over time you work out the average length. You need this information to find out if you are pregnant. A delayed period without pregnancy can point to a health problem or the onset of the menopause
  • Flow. Stronger periods could point to fibroids or onset of the menopause
  • Irregularities. Women with premature ovarian failure and ‘polycystic ovary syndrome’ are prone to irregular or lapsed periods, so too are women who suffer from eating disorders,  substantial weight loss/gain or are still breastfeeding.
  • Consult a doctor if
     – you  have had no period for more than 90 days and you are not pregnant
    –  you develop a strong bleeding and bleed more than seven days
    – bleed mid cycle and/or are in serious pain

  Here is  link to the official moon cup site.  


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